نوع مقاله : علمی ترویجی
1 کارشناسی ارشد علوم قرآن وحدیث دانشگاه علوم اسلامی رضوی
2 دانشیار دانشگاه علوم اسلامی رضوی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The content of suspicious news is evaluated by criteria such as the Qur'an, authentic tradition, reason, consensus, the purposes of Sharia, scientific proposition, and history. Among these, knowledge of the historical components in discovering the causes and factors of the issuance of the hadith and also applying its content to external events will be very instructive. This article seeks a typology of valid criteria for critique and analysis of hadiths that are significantly linked to the knowledge of history and historicity. These genres, which are based on narrations and rational analysis, will play a role in the formation of parallels and signs to judge the validity of the hadith. The benefit of the criterion of history in the process of critique of hadith is obtained by recognizing the reliable sources of quoting history, examining the condition of individuals and events reported in the text, and being aware of the social, political and religious characteristics of the hadith publishing space. Rational and methodical analysis of reports with analysis of peripheral analogies will also be very useful in the process of historical critique of hadith.