نوع مقاله : علمی ترویجی
استادیار پژوهشکده علوم اسلامی رضوی، بنیاد پژوهشهای اسلامی آستان قدس رضوی
عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the important issues in ḥadīth (Arabic: حدیث, plural: aḥādīth) studies is the measurement and evaluation of the validity of aḥādīth (Arabic: أحادیث, singular: ḥadīth), which is considered before the investigations of the jurisprudence of ḥadīth (Arabic: فقهالحدیث, Fiqh al-hadīth: A science which is related to correct understanding of hadīth in addition to explaining of its meaning) and talks about the validity and correctness of the aḥādīth of the innocent. Rain requesting is one of the texts that is of high importance and priority due to the time conditions and the needs of the faith community, and it needs validation, and so far, no such activity has occurred about it. Therefore, the present article has tried to validate these aḥādīth based on the three components of place of sayings [sources], document and text, and measure their authenticity. The result of this study shows that five texts have more authenticity among the large number of supplications quoted in Shīʿa sources and are considered among the authentic and original supplications of Ahl al-Bayt (a) (Arabic: أهلالبیت, lit. 'people of the house'). The age and reputation of supplication sources, as well as the authenticity and historical correctness of their text, are among the most important evidences of this evaluation.